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Muhammad Rizieq Shihab

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_Rizieq_Shihab
 
Muhammad Rizieq Shihab.jpg
Habib
Muhammad Rizieq Shihab
حبيب محمّد رزق شهاب
Native name محمّد رزق شهاب
Born August 24, 1965 (age 52)
Jakarta
Nationality Indonesia
Other names Habib Rizieq
Alma mater King Saud University
International Islamic University Malaysia
Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia
Occupation Cleric, religious demagogue
Known for FPI
Title Habib
Spouse(s) Fadlun Yahya
Children Rufaidah, Humaira, Zulfa, Najwa, Muntaz, Fairuz, Zahra
Parent(s) Hussein Shihab (father)
Sidah Alatas (mother)
Website http://www.habibrizieq.com/

Muhammad Rizieq Shihab (Arabic: محمّد رزق شهاب ‎, translit. Muḥammad Rizq Šihāb‎; Arabic pronunciation: [(ʔ)mʊˈħæmmæd rizq ʃihaːb]) also known as Habib Rizieq (born in Jakarta, August 24, 1965)[1][2] is an Indonesian Islamic scholar, demagogue, the founder[3] and leader of the Islamist group Islamic Defenders Front (Arabic: الجبهة الدفاعة الاسلميه‎‎; Indonesian: Front Pembela Islam, abbreviated as FPI).

Contents

History

Early life

Rizieq was born in Jakarta on August 24, 1965 to Husein bin Shihab and Syarifah Sidah Alatas. Both his parents were Arab Indonesians of mixed Hadhrami and Betawi heritage. His father was Sayyid Husein bin Muhammad bin Husein bin Abdullah bin Husein bin Muhammad bin Shaikh bin Muhammad Shihab,[4] born around 1920, a cofounder of Pandu Arab Indonesia Movement, a kind of boy scouts movement for Arab Indonesians[5] founded with his friends in 1937 (which later transformed to become PII or Islamic Scouting Organization of Indonesia.[6]) His father died in 1966 when Rizieq was 11 months old, and because of that Rizieq was not put in boarding school. Starting at the tender age of 4, he continued to be diligent in reading the Qur'an at mosques. As a single parent, his mother worked as a tailor and bridal makeup artist.
Rizieq is a Sayyid with his clan Shihab (or Shihabuddin Aal bin Syech) lineage tracing back to Imam 'Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib through Imam Ahmad al-Muhajir. Meanwhile, his wife is also of a Sayyid family from Aal bin Yahya.

Education

After graduating from SDN 1 (Public Elementary School No.1) Petamburan, Tanah Abang, Jakarta in 1975, Muhammad Rizieq continued his middle school at SMP 40 (Public Middle School No.40) in Pejompongan, Central Jakarta in 1976. However, the school was too far from his home so he then transferred to a closer school, the Bethel Christian Middle School in Petamburan. He graduated in 1979. He continued his high school at SMAN 4 in Gambir, but actually graduated from high school from the Islamic Village High school in Tangerang in 1982.[7] Furthermore, he took Arabic classes at LIPIA in Jakarta. Considered by neighbors to be a troublesome youth with a penchant for getting into fighting, his family sent Rizieq to Saudi Arabia in 1990 to continue his study at King Saud University, majoring in Usul al-fiqh and Education, which he completed in four years with Cum Laude.[8]
Rizieq took a graduate program at the International Islamic University Malaysia, but only for one year, after which he returned to Indonesia before finishing. This was because his scholarship funding was only adequate for him, not his whole family, to stay in Malaysia.[9] Later, he was able to continue his education and earned an MA degree in Shariah from the same university[10] in 2008 with a thesis titled "Pengaruh Pancasila terhadap Pelaksanaan Syariat Islam di Indonesia'" (The Influence of Pancasila on the Implementation of Islamic Laws in Indonesia).[11]
In 2012 he returned to Malaysia and was admitted in doctoral program[12] in Da'wah and Management program at Fakulti Kepemimpinan dan Pengurusan (Faculty of Leadership and Administration) at Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM), and currently finishing his dissertation titled "مناهج التميز بين الأصول والفروع عند أهل السنة والجماعة" (The Distinction of Origins and Branches of Ahl Sunnah wa al-Jama'ah) under the supervision of Prof. Dr. Kamaluddin Nurdin Marjuni[13] and Dr. Ahmed Abdul Malek of Nigeria.[14][15]

Activity

Rizieq worked as a high school teacher for about one year in Saudi Arabia after he finished his undergraduate study, before returning to Indonesia in 1992. In addition to giving religious lectures, Rizieq also at one time served as the Principal of Madrasah Aliyah at Jamiat Kheir until 1996. When he was no longer the head of the school, he still actively taught at the school as the teacher of Fiqh or Usul al-Fiqh.[16]
His organizational experience began when he became a member of Jamiat Kheir. He once served as a member of the Chamber of Shariah at BPRS At-Taqwa, Tangerang. Before becoming the head of the FPI, he was chairman for a number of Majelis Ta'lim (places where religious lectures take place) around the suburbs of Jakarta.[16]
Rizieq declared the establishment of the Islamic Defenders Front (FPI) on 17 August 1998. The FPI became well known from the Ketapang incident, which occurred in Jakarta on 22 November 1998. Around 200[citation needed] members of the FPI engaged in riot and affray in a confrontation with opponents. This religious, inter-race and inter-group clash resulted in a number of residential houses and houses of worship being burned and a number of people killed.[7]
Rizieq was jailed for seven months in 2003 for inciting his young, white-shirted followers, who often would hide their faces bandit-style behind handkerchiefs, to attack nightspots in Jakarta with clubs and stones.[17] On October 5, 2008 Rizieq was again put in prison for one and half years due to the violent attack against the Aliansi Kebangsaan untuk Kebebasan Beragama dan Berkayakinan (AKKBB)[18] which was holding a demonstration in Monas on June 5, 2008. 59 FPI members were arrested and 12 members of the AKKBB were injured.[19]
Rizieq was the head of the FPI from 1998 to 2003, and since 2003 he has become the Chairman of the board of the Executive Tanfidz. He was elected as the Great Imam of FPI for life in 2013.[20]

Views

As declared on his FPI website, his stands, with FPI, regarding ISIS are:[21][22][23]
  1. The FPI remains steadfast in struggling to apply Shariah laws in the Homeland through within the guidelines of Shari'ah and the Constitution.
  2. The FPI remains a faithful supporter of the Islamic Jihad Movement around the world, in the fight against all forms of unjust global hegemony (New Imperialism) that stand against the establishment of the World Islamic Caliphate as referred in the Manhaj Nubuwwah (The Prophet's Way).
  3. The FPI strongly renounces all forms of warfare and sectarian violence in the name of Jihad among Muslims arising from differences in mazhab (school of thoughts) which are not fundamental issues in Islamic Theology (ʿAqīdah).
  4. The FPI calls the whole Islamic Jihad movements to unite and work together in carrying out Shariah-based jihad without killing or mutilating civilians who are not involved in the war, whatever their Mazhab or religion is.
  5. The FPI supports the appeal and advice of the al-Qaeda Leader Ayman al-Zawahiri that all Jihad components of Al-Qaeda, either Muhammad al-Jawlani's forces in Syria and troops of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi in Iraq, as well as other Jihad components of Al-Qaeda, to unite and in brotherhood with all other brothers of the Islamic Mujahideen around the world, to continue the Jihad in Syria, Iraq, Palestine and other oppressed Muslim countries.

He said:[24][25][26]
"People should not generalize that all Shia are heretical, nor none are led astray. Even Shia followers acknowledge that internally there are various Shiite groups, and some of them are led astray, namely the ones who deify Ali, believing the Angel Gabriel miscommunicated the message, or believing the Koran is supposed to be thicker than it is now. These are recognized by mainstream Shiites as misguided groups. In fact, these were the ones meant by the MUI fatwa earlier about Shia. There is something needs to be well recognized by Shiites that Ahlu Sunnah has a firm stance about Sahabah. For Sunnis, anyone who berate and moreover to say the Sahabah are unbelievers would be considered as a person being led astray. This is the key (towards reconciliation between Sunnis and Shiites)."
— Muhammad Rizieq Shihab, Habib Rizieq Shihab refuting Ustadz Yazid Jawas
In response to a controversial book with the title "Mulia dengan Manhaj Salaf" ("Being Noble with Manhaj Salaf") written by Yazid bin Abdul Qadir Jawas and published by the Pustaka At Taqwa, he says:[25][26]
I am concerned about the presence of this book. If we open the chapter thirteenth which is the last chapter, here the author mentions several firqahs (sects) considered as misguided (considered as infidels) and misleading, such as the list item number eight mentions Asharites, the list item number nine includes Maturidiyyah. The number fourteen or thirteen includes sufism, number fourteen includes Tablighis, number fifteen includes Muslim Brotherhood, number seventeen includes Hizbut Tahrir, and the list item number twenty-seventh includes Jaringan Islam Liberal (JIL).
So Ash'ari and Maturidi, which representing Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaah, are included in the group along with the misguided JIL which in fact is misleading. Even with the ease he said that Tablighi and the Muslim Brotherhood also go astray. Is this not the sort of divisive race?
If the author wants to disseminate his own respective ideologies, that is up to him. If he believes his Aqidah is the correct Aqidah, that is his business. If he feels his opinion is the most correct opinion, that is also his own business. But if he claims other Muslims groups are infidels, he has no right.
Such book divides people. If the author feels his Wahhabism doctrine is the most correct one and he is the pure, that is his right. He calls himself a follower of Salafi or in Indonesia known as the term Wahhabi. If he thinks he is the most holy, it is his right. If he thinks he is the most straight, that is also his right. But he has no right to call other fellow Muslim groups as gone astray, pagans or infidels.
Moreover, the adherent Muslims of the Ash'ari and Maturidi have been around for over 1000 years as the representatives of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah, while the Wahhabism is just born yesterday (recently), but yet continuously wants to call Ash'arites as infidels. Indeed, during this more than 1000 years who have been actually called as the (truly) Ahlus Sunnah? For 1000 years Ash'ari and Maturidi have been the ones called Ahlus Sunnah. Wahhabism is not in the list. It has just emerged recently, but yet it wants to judge other Muslim sects who do not agree with it as misguided Muslims.
He also thinks Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei, as states with the large majority of the population are of Ash'ari must also have a law forbidding the spread of Wahhabism.[27] He has been also accused by Wahhabi-affiliated news media as a Shiite, because he does not want to say that all Shiah are led astray, although he also says that Shiah spread should be limited or even forbidden.[28]

Legal issues

  • In 2003, Rizieq was sentenced for seven months of prison on the charge of disturbing public order due to allegedly ordering the FPI to ransack and destroy several Jakartan entertainment venues. He served his sentence in Salemba Penitentiary.[29]
  • In 2008, Rizieq was imprisoned for one and a half years after being convicted of assaulting members of the National Alliance for Freedom of Religion and Faith (Aliansi Kebangsaan untuk Kebebasan Beragama dan Berkeyakinan) during their convention at National Monument square.[29]
  • In January 2017, the Indonesian Police Bureau declared Rizieq a suspect in a case of slander against Pancasila, the Indonesian state ideology.
  • In January 2017, the FPI called for the withdrawal of Rupiah banknotes, accusing the Bank of Indonesia of hiding the Communist hammer-and-sickle in rupiah bills.[30] The allegation, however, was categorically rejected, and exposed as being a rectoverso security feature featuring the Bank's logo. The FPI has been accused of stirring public unrest, slandering the Bank and the Government, and insulting the rupiah, the national currency being a state symbol and protected under law.[31]
  • Allegation of pornography case with Firza Hussein, where Rizieq is summoned as a witness.[32][33] On 29 May 2017, the Indonesian police named Rizieq as a suspect for the case without having undergone police questioning due to his absence to answer the police's summons. He will be charged under articles 4, 6 and 8 of the 2008 Pornography Law.[34][35]

Personal life

Rizieq lives in Tanah Abang. To make ends meet, he owns and operates a small store selling perfume and Muslim goods. He is married to Fadlun bin Yahya and has seven children, who are all schooled at Jamiat Kheir.[16]

References



  • "KOMPAS - Profil Singkat FPI dan Habib Rizieq" (in Indonesian). Retrieved December 26, 2013.

  • Tholkhah, Imam; Yusuf, Choirul Fuad (2005-01-01). Contemporary Islamic Movements of Reformation Era. Departemen Agama, Badan Litbang Agama dan Diklat Keagamaan. ISBN 9789793370002.

  • Fuller Collins, Elizabeth (2007). Indonesia Betrayed: How Development Fails. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-3183-7.

  • "Biografi Ringkas Al Habib M. Rizieq bin Husein Syihab" (in Indonesian). Retrieved December 20, 2016.

  • Teik, K.; V. Hadiz; Y. Nakanishi (eds.). Between Dissent and Power: The Transformation of Islamic Politics in the Middle East and Asia. Springer. ISBN 978-1-137-40880-8.

  • Prasidi Jamil, Budi. "Biografi Habib Rizieq Syihab".

  • "Biografi Habib Rizieq Shihab" (in Indonesian). Retrieved August 20, 2014.

  • Fealy, Greg; White, Sally, eds. (2008). Expressing Islam: Religious Life and Politics in Indonesia. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. ISBN 978-981-230-851-1.

  • Tholkhah, Imam; Fuad Yusuf, Choirul (2005). Contemporary Islamic Movements of Reformation Era. Departemen Agama, Badan Litbang Agama dan Diklat Keagamaan. ISBN 978-979-3370-00-2. Retrieved August 21, 2014.

  • Masyithoh, Siti (2011). "Metode Dakwah Habib Rizieq bin Husein Syihab pada Majlis Ta'lim al-Ishlah Jakarta Pusat" (PDF) (thesis). Universitas Syarif Hidayatullah. Retrieved August 21, 2014.

  • "Habib Rizieq: Si Goen ingin "Menggurui" Saya dan Abu Bakar Ba'asyir tentang Iman". Arrahmah (in Indonesian). July 4, 2008. Retrieved August 21, 2014.

  • "Profil Habib Rizieq" (in Indonesian). Retrieved August 21, 2014.

  • "Profil Profesor Madya Dr. Kamaluddin Nurdin Marjuni". Retrieved Nov 9, 2014.

  • Fadillah, Ramadhian (11 May 2017). "Habib Rizieq sedang di Malaysia, selesaikan kuliah Doktor" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 May 2017.

  • "Rizieq Shihab Becomes Doctoral Candidate at University of Islamic Science Malaysia". Netralnews. 11 May 2017. Retrieved 15 May 2017.

  • "Biografi Habib Rizieq Shihab" (in Indonesian). Retrieved Aug 20, 2014.

  • Bond, Christopher S.; Simons, Lewis M. (2009). The Next Front: Southeast Asia and the Road to Global Peace with Islam. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-470-73007-2.

  • kittysuryo (2008-06-14), Video Rekaman Penyerbuan Massa FPI ke AKKBB, retrieved 2016-12-20

  • Chernov Hwang, Julie (2012). Peaceful Islamist Mobilization in the Muslim World: What Went Right. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-1-137-01623-2.

  • "Gelar Imam Besar hingga Capres 2014 untuk Habib Rizieq". Merdeka. August 24, 2013. Retrieved August 21, 2014.

  • "Maklumat FPI Tentang ISIS". August 10, 2014. Retrieved September 6, 2014.

  • "Sikap FPI Soal Issue ISIS; FPI Dukung Pendirian Khilafah & Harapkan Persatuan Mujahidin" (in Indonesian). Retrieved November 24, 2015.

  • "SIKAP FPI TERHADAP ISIS,DAULAH ISLAMIYAH" (in Indonesian). Retrieved November 25, 2015.

  • "Tanggapan Habib Muhammad Rizieq Shihab Terhadap Wahhabi dan Syiah". December 17, 2012. Retrieved September 6, 2014.

  • Bantahan Habib Rizieq Shihab Terhadap Ustadz Yazid Jawas Part 1 (video) (in Indonesian). Retrieved September 6, 2014.

  • Bantahan Habib Rizieq Shihab Terhadap Ustadz Yazid Jawas Part 2 (video) (in Indonesian). Retrieved September 6, 2014.

  • "Habib Rizieq Syihab Larang Wahabi di Indonesia". Islam Times (in Indonesian). December 12, 2013. Retrieved September 10, 2014.

  • "Habib Rizieq Shihab Usulkan Dibuatnya Undang-Undang Pelarangan Penyebaran Ajaran Syiah dan Wahabi". Muslim Media News (in Indonesian). December 14, 2013. Retrieved September 10, 2014.

  • M Andika Putra; Raja Eben Lumbanrau (17 January 2017). "Jejak FPI dan Status 'Napi' Rizieq Shihab". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian).

  • Safrin La Batu (January 23, 2017). "FPI leader calls for withdrawal of banknotes with 'communist symbol'". The Jakarta Post. Jakarta.

  • Safrin La Batu (January 23, 2017). "FPI leader questioned for allegedly insulting rupiah". The Jakarta Post. Jakarta.

  • "Jakarta Metro Police to Summon Rizieq Shihab after Returning from Pilgrimage". 2 May 2017.

  • http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-05-30/indonesian-cleric-denies-pornography-claims/8573684

  • "Polisi Tetapkan Habib Rizieq jadi Tersangka Kasus Pornografi". Detik News (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2 June 2017.

  • "Rizieq Shihab named suspect in pornography case while abroad". The Jakarta Post. 29 May 2017. Retrieved 6 June 2017.

  • Biografi Habib Rizieq Syihab 

    (Oleh: Budi Prasidi Jamil)

     

    http://ipulstory.blogspot.co.id/ 


    Riwayat Habib rizieq Syihab
    Latar Belakang Keluarga
    Habib Muhammad Rizieq Syihab bin Husein Shihab (Pimpinan Front Pembela Islam:FPI) lahir di Jakarta 24 Agustus 1965, ayahnya bernama Sayyid Husein Syihab (alm), dan ibunya bernama Syarifah Sidah Al-Attas. Rumahnya terletak di Jl. Petamburan III No. 83, Tanah Abang, Jakarta Pusat. Di ujung gang rumahnya terdapat sebuah took/warung usaha minyak wangi dan perlengkapan shalat kepunyaan Habib Rizieq.


    Ayahnya Sayyid Husein (alm) bersama kawan-kawannya pada tahun 1937 mendirikan PAI atau Pandu Arab Indonesia. Sebuah perkumpulan kepanduan yang didirikan orang Indonesia berketurunan Arab yang berada di Jakarta, yang selanjutnya menjadi PII atau Pandu Islam Indonesia.  Di dalam diri Habib Rizieq Syihab mengalir darah Arab dan juga Betawi, status sosial beliau juga sebagai keturunan Habib dan mengaku sebagai keturunan ke-38 Nabi Muhammad SAW. Sebutan lain dari Habib adalah Sayyid. Sayyid (jamak dari Sadah) adalah kata yang berasal dari bahasa arab, yang artinya tuan. Sharif (jamak dari Sharaf) yang artinya dihormati adalah sinonim dari Sayyid. Sayyid adalah gelar dan tertuju kepada seseorang atau kelompok. Gelar ini identik untuk laki-laki, untuk perempuan adalah Sayyidah atau Syarifah. Sayyid tertuju kepada orang arab, khususnya yang mengklaim sebagai keturunan Nabi Muhammad melalui cuu Beliau, Husein (anak dari Fatimah Az-Zahrah dan Ali bin Thalib).
    Beliau menikah pada 11 September 1987 dengan Syarifah Fadhlun yang masih berasal dari keluarga dan kalangan Habib. Dari hasil pernikahannya, Beliau dikarunia lima orang anak : Rufaidah Shihab, Humairah Shihab, Zulfa Shihab, Najwa Shihab, dan Mumtaz Shihab. Kelima anaknya disekolahkan di Jami’at Khair, dan juga didatangkan guru privat (ilmu agama dan umum).
    Selain berjualan minyak wangi dan perlengkapan shalat, Habib Rizieq juga berdakwah dan mengajar di Jami’at Khair. Di rumahnya setiap malam Jum’at diadakan pengajian yang dimulai dari pukul 17.30 sampai 20.30, wirid yang dilafadzkan adalah Wirid al-Lathif  dan  Ratib Al-Haddad. Dua macam wirid ini populer di kalangan tarekat Haddadiyah , yang namanya diambil dari Sayyid atau Habib Abdullah al-Haddad, yang dinisbahkan kepada Imam Alawi bin Ubaidillah putra Imam Ahmad al-Muhajir yang dipandang sebagai founding father kaum Hadhrami, kelompok Sayyid yang berasal dari Hadramaut, Yaman Selatan. Tarekat yang dianut oleh para Habaib adalah tarekat Alawiyyin/Alawiyyah, yang berasal dari kata Ba Lawi yaitu suatu marga yang berasal Sayyid Muhammad bin Alawi. Tarekat ini berbeda dengan tarekat lain pada umumnya, perbedaan itu dapat dilihat dari praktiknya yang tidak menekankan segi riyadhah (olah rohani) dan kezuhudan melainkan lebih menekankan kepada amal, akhlak, dan beberapa wirid serta dzikir ringan.  
    Dari perspektif sejarah, kelompok Sayyid yang sekarang ada di Indonesia berasal dari Hadramaut. Hadramaut adalah salah satu provinsi di Yaman Selatan. Pada tahun 1885, orang Hadramaut yang berada di Indonesia berjumlah 20.000 orang, 10.888 berada di Jawa dan Madura, dan 9.613 berada di pulau lain. Tahun 1905, orang Hadramaut bertambah menjadi 30.000 orang. 19.148 berada di Jawa dan Madura, dan 10.440 berada di pulau lain. Menjelang tahun 1934, sekitar 20 sampai 30 persen orang Hadramaut menetap di Hindia Belanda (Indonesia), Afrika Utara, dan negara-negara laut merah. Orang Hadramaut umumnya tinggal di sekitar pantai, kota-kota besar seperti Batavia (Jakarta), Pekalongan, Semarang, dan Surabaya serta Palembang.

    Riwayat Pendidikan

    Pendidikannya sekolahnya dimulai di SDN 1 Petamburan, SMP 40 Pejompongan, SMP Kristen Bethel Petamburan Jakarta, SMAN 4 Gambir, dan SMA Islamic Village (Tangerang) sampai pada tahun 1982. Kemudian tahun 1983 kuliah di LIPIA selama setahun kemudian Habib mendapat beasiswa dari OKI untuk melanjutkan studi S1 di King Saud University, jurusan Dirasah Islamiyah, Fakultas Tarbiyah. Tahun 1990 Habib Rizieq berhasil menyelesaikan studinya dan sempat mengajar di sebuah SLA di Riyadh selama 1 tahun lalu kembali ke Indonesia pada tahun 1992. Beliau juga sempat melanjutkan studi program Master (S2) di Universitas Anta Bangsa, Malaysia namun hanya sampai 1 tahun dan Beliau kembali ke Indonesia untuk melanjutkan dakwahnya.
     

    Karier Habib Rizieq Syihab

    Selain mengisi pengajian-pengajian, Habib Rizieq juga pernah menjabat sebagai Kepala Sekolah Madrasah Aliyah Jami’at Khair sampai tahun 1996. Walaupun sudah tidak menjabat sebagai kepala sekolah, Beliau masih aktif mengajar di sekolah tersebut sebagai guru bidang fiqih atau ushul fiqh. Pengalaman organisasinya dimulai ketika Beliau menjadi anggota Jami’at Khair, ormas berbasis keturunan Arab dan Habib. Habib Rizieq juga pernah menjabat Dewan Syari’at BPRS At-Taqwa, Tangerang. Sebelum menjadi Ketua FPI, beliau pernah menjadi pimpinan atau pembina sejumlah majlis ta’lim se-Jabodetabek lalu dari mulai berdirinya FPI (tahun 1998) sampai 2002 menjabat sebagai Ketua Umum FPI, dan dari 2003 sampai sekarang menjabat sebagai Ketua Majelis Tanfidzi FPI.

    Peran Habib Rizieq Dalam Tubuh FPI

    FPI merupakan sebuah organisasi yang memiliki struktur. Adanya struktur menunjukkan bahwa hubungan antara satu bagian dengan bagian lainnya merupakan suatu ikatan atas-bawah secara hierarkis. Relasi atas-bawah itu berlangsung dalam sistem komando, dengan posisi puncak ditempati oleh Habib Rizieq. Selain sebagai pusat komando, Habib Rizieq juga merupakan sebagai pusat wacana. Ide dan gagasan yang berkembang dalam tubuh FPI berasal dari Habib Rizieq. Bagi kalangan pengikut FPI, buku Dialog Amar Ma’ruf Nahi Munkar bisa dikatakan sebagai kitab suci bagi kalangan pengikut FPI.
    Posisi Habib Rizieq di posisi puncak komando dan wacana semakin kuat, hal ini dikarenakan adanya pencitraan positif terhadap dirinya dari para pengikut FPI tanpa disadari oleh diri Habib Rizieq sendiri. Pencitraan positif ini juga dikolerasikan dengan keimanan, pengetahuan, dan keberanian. Konsistensi (istiqamah) adalah refleksi keimanan; karya tulis, pendidikan tinggi, dan kedalaman ilmu adalah bukti keilmuan; tak gentar menghadapi tantangan dan resiko walau harus masuk penjara adalah bukti keberanian. Di mata pengikutnya, Habib Rizieq memiliki semua sifat dan citra positif ini.
    Dalam kehidupan sehari-hari Habib Rizieq hidup sangat sederhana. Hal ini dapat dilihat dari rumah Beliau yang kecil dan berada di gang kecil, itu pun masih mengontrak. Mobil yang Beliau gunakan pun masih kredit atau cicilan, padahal Beliau sangat mungkin untuk hidup secara kaya dan mewah dari jaringan social dan posisi yang Beliau pegang. Namun semua itu ditolak oleh Habib Rizieq untuk menikmati itu semua dan lebih memilih hidup apa adanya sambil terus berjuang.
    Pilihan hidup ini membuat dan mempertahankan kedekatan jarak sosial Habib Rizieq dengan para pengikutnya sehingga Beliau tetap berada dalam kelas sosial budaya dengan para pendukungnya. Dengan kata lain, pilihan Beliau untuk tetap hidup apa adanya menjaga Habib Rizieq berada dalam akar budaya dan sosial para pengikutnya.
    Pencitraan positif ini telah menjadi bagian dari alat reproduksi pengaruhnya. Kenyataan lain yang membuat menguatnya citra positif Habib Rizieq di kalangan pengikutnya adalah adanya kedekatan Habib Rizieq dengan beberapa tokoh politik, pejabat, dan militer. Ada kebanggan di hati para pengikutnya ketika mereka tahu bahwa Habib Rizieq mempunyai relasi dengan Jendral Wiranto, Mayjen Jaja Suparman, Irjen Noegroho Djayusman, dan beberapa pejabat tinggi negara. Kebanggan ini telah memperkuat wibawa dan pengaruh Habib Rizieq.
    Relasi kuasa di FPI terpusat pada satu orang atau satu tokoh, yaitu Habib Rizieq. Jika seseorang membicarakan FPI berarti orang tersebut juga sedang membicarakan Habib Rizieq, jika seseorang membicarakan Habib Rizieq berarti orang tersebut juga sedang membicarakan FPI. FPI merupakan transformasi dari Habib Rizieq, bisa dikatakan bahwa Habib Rizieq adalah FPI.

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    Syaiful Putra
    http://ipulstory.blogspot.com/

    http://abdulrahmanwahid632.blogspot.co.id/2012/12/benarkah-habib-rizieq-shihab-syiah.html
     

    Selasa, 11 Desember 2012

    Benarkah Habib Rizieq Shihab Syiah?

     
    JAKARTA (voa-islam.com) – Beberapa bulan lalu beberapa media  meributkan tuduhan bahwa Habib Rizieq Shihab penganut Syi’ah, Ketua Umum FPI itu enggan menanggapi. Dengan bijak, Habib yang terkenal sangat tegas dalam bersikap tidak mau terpancing.
     
    Ketika media sudah sepi, secara terbuka Habib membantah gonjang-ganjing tuduhan Syi’ah itu. Di hadapan para ulama, habaib, tokoh, aktivis Islam dan seribuan massa tabligh akbar dan deklarasi Pusat HAM Islam Indonesia (PUSHAMI), Habib menegaskan bahwa tuduhan itu dilakukan oleh para oknum yang ingin mengadudomba para tokoh Islam.
    .… Saya instruksikan kepada seluruh Laskar Pembela Islam di manapun anda berada: habisi! Hancurkan siapa pun mereka yang mencoba-coba mencaci maki Ahlul Bait Nabi, shahabat Nabi, ulama Salaf kita…
    “Belum apa-apa Habib Rizieq sudah disebut Syiah. Gara-gara ke Iran selama tujuh hari, saya disebut Syiah. Padahal saya di sekolah Kristen tiga setengah tahun saya tidak disebut Kristen. Saya 7 tahun di Saudi Arabia saya tidak disebut wahabi, ada apa? Ini ada upaya adu domba antara kita,” tegasnya dalam acara yang digelar di Masjid Al-Ishlah, Petamburan  Jakarta Pusat, Rabu malam (14/11/2012).
     
     
     
    Kepada kaum Syi’ah yang sangat memusuhi Ahlussunnah Waljama’ah, Habib menyatakan bahwa FPI siap menanggapi segala argumen yang disampaikan secara santun dan ilmiah. “Selama mereka menyampaikan pendapat dan kritik kepada Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaah dengan cara yang santun dan ilmiah, kita siap menjawab secara santun dan ilmiah,” lanjutnya.
    ...Kepada Laskar FPI, kalau besok ada orang ceramah di atas mimbar mencaci maki Sayidina Abu Bakar Siddiq, Sayidina Umar bin Khatthab, Sayidina Utsman bin Affan, para shahabat yang lainnya, bakar panggungnya saudara...
    Tapi kepada para kaum Syi’ah dan penganut sekte lainnya agar jangan coba-coba menghina para shahabat Nabi dan ulama Salaf. Siapapun yang menghina mereka akan berhadapan dengan Laskar FPI.
     
    “Kalau mereka mencoba-coba mencaci maki Ahlul Bait Nabi, shahabat Nabi, ulama salaf kita saya instruksikan kepada seluruh Laskar Pembela Islam di manapun anda berada: habisi! Hancurkan siapa pun mereka,” ancamnya.
     
     
    Bahkan secara tegas Habib menginstruksikan seluruh Laskar FPI agar tegas dan berani memerangi para penganut Syi’ah yang menghina para shahabat Nabi.
     
    “Jadi kepada laskar, kalau besok ada orang ceramah di atas mimbar, mencaci maki Sayyidina Ali, mencaci maki Fatimah Az Zahra, mencaci maki Sayidina Hasan dan Husain yang merupakan Ahlul Bait Nabi, bakar mimbarnya! Kalau besok ada orang yang ceramah di atas mimbar, mencaci maki Sayidina Abu Bakar Siddiq, mencaci maki Sayidina Umar bin Khattab, mencaci maki Sayidina Utsman bin Affan, mencaci maki para shahabat yang lainnya, Al-Muhajirin wal Anshar, bakar panggungnya saudara!” tegasnya. 
     
     

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